June 2009


The .yu domain (Yugoslavia) disappears completely. Since Yugoslavia fell apart, it wasn’t possible anymore to register new .yu names but already existing .yu names were still supported.

However as from October 1st the .yu extension will disappear completely. This domain will no longer be supported. Since beginning 2008, people who own a .yu domain name were offered the possibility to switch this domain name to a .rs (Serbia) or .me (Montenegro) name.

It seems logic that when a country doesn’t exist anymore, it doesn’t have an own extension anymore. However, it isn’t always like that. Right now, it is still possible to register a .su name. The .su domain was the extension for the Sovjet Union. Even though this Union doesn’t exist anymore, you can still register .su names.

Unfortunately, it’s definitely starting to look like this. A few days ago, the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), published a report which shows that 8% more complaints were filed in 2008. WIPO is the organisation where owners of a registered trademark can file a complaint when their trademark is being infringed. In 2008, a record number of 2.329 complaints were filed.

The report also showed that most complaints are about .com names. 79% of the complaints which were filed in 2008, were about .com names. Moreover, cybersquatting also seems to be a worldwide problem. In 2008 complaints were filed from over more than 100 different countries. The major number of complaints came out of the US, but also persons in France, Germany, Spain, the UK, Switzerland and Canada became the victim of cybersquatting.

If we take a closer look at the rulings of WIPO, one fact is worth worrying about. In 2008, WIPO didn’t get to a ruling in 30% of the cases. If we take a look at the other 70%, we notice that 85% of the rulings favored the complainant. 15% of the complaints were denied which means the current situation was maintained.

WIPO was introduced in December 1999 and in December 2008, they’ve already treated 14.663 complaints. Moreover the number of complaints rises every year and according to Francis Gurry, the general manager of WIPO, this isn’t going to change any time soon. ‘ Pretty soon ICANN offers the possibilty to register a personal extension. If the introduction of those extensions doesn’t happen in a controlled manner, this will be a hugh playground for cybersquatters,’ says Gurry.

And probably he is right. When it becomes possible to register personal extensions, many will try to seize this opportunity. Soon, we’ll get extensions such as .nyc (New York City), .berlin, .bank, .hotel and many many more. However, when new extensions are introduced, trademark holders also need to protect their name under those extensions. The more extensions that are introduced, the more possibilities for cybersquatters to register a name of a large trademark.

The Japanese registry has published a report which shows the figures of 2008 and of the first quarter of 2009. Without a doubt, the biggest event in 2008 happened on March 1st when 1 million registrations were reached. On March 1st 2009, approximately 1.1 million .jp names were registered. So we can’t talk about a huge growth.

Especially not when we take a closer look at the number of Japanese inhabitants. 127 million live in Japan. So with only 1.1 million domain names, we see there’s a very low rate of registrations per capita. In Japan, 0.85 name per 100 inhabitants is registered. Just to compare: In the Netherlands 28 names per 100 inhabitants are registered, in Belgium 9 per 100 inhabitants.

The registry of Cameroon has decided to release the .cm domain. Pretty soon it will be possible to register names under the .cm extension. The release of .cm will happen in 3 phases:

First phase: sunrise
This phase starts on June 15th and ends on July 14th. During the sunrise, everyone who owns a registered trademark can register this trademark under the .cm domain. However it’s important that your trademark registration is entirely completed. During this phase domain names needs to be registered for 2 years. If there is more than one valid sunrise application for the same domain name, names will be awarded to the registrant with the oldest registered trademark.

Second phase: landrush
The phase starts on July 15th and ends on July 31st. During the landrush, everyone who wishes to do so, can register a domain name under the .cm extension. Names need to be registered for 2 years.
In case there is more than one application per domain, the domain will go into an auction system. The auctions will be held shortly after the end of the landrush period.

Third phase: Go-live
The go-live begins on August 1st. During this phase, everyone who wishes to do so, can register a name under the .cm extension. Names can now be registered per year. During the go-live applications will be treated on a first come, first served basis.

Still this year, the entire DNS root is passing on to DNSSEC this year in order to increase security. In fact DNS is the phone book of the Internet. When you enter a domain name, you surf to a specific site since this domain name is translated to a certain ip-address. DNS realizes this transformation, it’s DNS that translates the name to the ip-address.

The current system is far from perfect. That’s not very suprising since the current DNS system is already 30 years old.  30 years ago, the group of Internet users and – providers was smaller and more based on trust. Those days are over. Therefore, there will be switched to DNSSEC this year.

DNSSEC will increase security as it will add digital signatures to DNS requests. With this system, we could get rid of security problems such as the infamous “KAMINSKY leak”. Through his research KAMINSKY showed that through a bug in the security of DNS it is perfectly possible to hijack domain names and Internet applications. This bug would be a goldmine for malicious people, who can divert people to rogue sites,  where for example credit card data could be copied. DNSSEC is the solution to this problem in the longer term.

The first domain to switch to DNSSEC is the .org domain. The switch has started and gradually all .org suppliers will switch to DNSSEC. Normally this conversion will be completed in 2010.

vlagindo1Since recently bNamed offers local presence for the extension (Indonesia). Because of this, it’s becoming much easier to register this extension. The only other restriction to register a name under this Indonesian domain is that the domain name needs to be the same as the company name or the registered trademark of the applicant. Now this is also possible for companies from outside of Indonesia, thanks to our local presence.

Next to local presence in Indonesia, bNamed also offers local presence in 34 other countries including France, Norway, Singapore, Uruguay, Brazil,…

The Ministery of Foreign Affaires in Argentina has decided they’re going to limit the number of and names per registrant. They made this decision because they noticed lots of and names are being registered without being used. The Ministery wants this situation to end and therefore they decided to limit the number of and names to 200 names per registrant. offers local presence in Argentina. This decision however doesn’t influence the local presence service. A domain name using local presence in Argentina is registered in the name of the real owner and only a local administrative contact is added.